Diabetes increases your risk for many serious health problems. But you can prevent or slow down diabetes problems by reaching your blood glucose, blood pressure, and cholesterol goals most of the time. We've provided details on some of the most common complications of diabetes and how you can avoid them.
Nerve damage
Many people with diabetes develop some form of nerve damage. The nerve damage can impact your entire body.
  • Neuropathy
  • Burning feet: Causes and treatments?
  • Amputation and diabetes: How to protect your feet
Diabetes can cause a type of nerve damage in which food is delayed from leaving the stomach.
  • Gastroparesis

High blood sugar can cause the kidneys to stop working properly. Treatment can slow kidney disease, but sometimes the kidneys fail.

  • Kidney disease
  • Kidney failure

Diabetes can impact your vision. Over time, too much sugar can cause the lens in your eye to swell and damage the tiny blood vessels that nourish the retina.

  • Diabetic retinopathy
Heart and circulation
Diabetes increases your chances of having a stroke or developing heart disease.
  • Stroke
  • Have diabetes? Stop cardiovascular disease in its tracks
PAD is a circulatory problem that affects the limbs.
  • Peripheral arterial disease (PAD)
Bone and joint problems
Because of the nerve damage, obesity, circulation and muscle breakdown associated with diabetes, you are at risk for bone and joint problems.  
  • Guide to bone and joint problems associated with diabetes

Insulin problems
When you have too little insulin in your body, sugar can't enter your cells for energy.

  • Diabetic ketoacidosis
Blood sugar problems
Variations in your blood sugar (too high or too low) can cause serious even life-threatening conditions.
  • Guide to hypoglycemia
  • Hypoglycemia and diabetes: Awareness and early treatment are key
  • Diabetic hyperosmolar syndrome
  • Diabetic Coma
Erectile dysfunction
Erectile dysfunction is a common side effect of diabetes for men. But you can take control.
  • Keys to prevention and treatment of diabetes related erectile dysfunction.

Gum disease
Diabetes can affect your gums. Good dental care is essential.

  • Dental care and diabetes: Guide to a healthy mouth

Avoid complications
Diabetes is a serious but manageable disease.  Here are 10 ways to avoid