A procedure performed under local anesthesia in a doctor's office, Cystoscopy can detect various problems and abnormalities, including BPH. A cystoscope is a long thin tube with a lens that acts like microscope to view the inside of your urinary tract. Most cystoscopy procedures are performed on an outpatient basis.

A doctor may perform a cystoscopy to find the cause of many urinary conditions, including:

  • Frequent urinary tract infections
  • Blood in the urine, which is called hematuria
  • A frequent and urgent need to urinate
  • Unusual cells found in a urine sample
  • Painful urination, chronic pelvic pain, or interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome
  • Urinary blockage caused by prostate enlargement or some other abnormal narrowing of the urinary tract
  • A stone in the urinary tract, such as a kidney stone
  • An unusual growth, polyp, tumor, or cancer in the urinary tract


Ureterscopy is a similar procedure to cystoscopy. A ureteroscope, like a cystoscope, is an instrument for examining the inside of the urinary tract. It is used to see beyond the bladder into the ureters, the tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder. Your urologist can remove a stone in your ureter using the ureteroscope.



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