Kidney Stone Treatment
- Does not pass after a reasonable period of time and causes constant pain.
- Is too large to pass on its own or is caught.
- Blocks the flow of urine.
- Causes an ongoing urinary tract infection.
- Damages kidney tissue or causes constant bleeding.
- Has grown larger.
Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy is sometimes recommended to remove a stone. This treatment is often used when the stone is quite large or in a location that does not allow effective use of ESWL
Ureteroscopy may be needed to treat mid- and lower-ureter stones.
Parathyroid surgery is used for some people with calcium stones, which is caused by hyperparathyroidism. Treatment in these cases is usually surgery to remove the parathyroid glands, which are located in the neck. Removing the glands cures the patient's problem with hyperparathyroidism and kidney stones.
- A doctor may prescribe medicines to control the amount of acid or alkali in the urine, key factors in crystal formation of calcium and uric acid stones.
- If cystine stones cannot be controlled by drinking more fluids, a doctor may prescribe medicines to help reduce the amount of cystine in the urine.
- For stones caused by bacteria your doctor will want to test your urine regularly to ensure that no bacteria are present. In addition, he or she may prescribe medication for long term use to prevent the infection that leads to stones.