Adult Still's disease
Adult Still's disease
Adult Still's disease is a rare type of arthritis that features a sore throat, a salmon-colored rash and a high fever that spikes once or twice a day. Joint pain tends to develop a few weeks after these initial signs and symptoms.
The cause of adult Still's disease is unknown, but researchers are investigating the possibility that it might be triggered by some type of infection. Some people experience just one episode of adult Still's disease. In other people, the condition persists or recurs.
Adult Still's disease is an inflammatory type of arthritis, similar to rheumatoid arthritis. This inflammation can destroy affected joints, particularly the wrists. Treatment involves medications, such as prednisone, that help control inflammation.
Most people with adult Still's disease experience a combination of the following signs and symptoms:
Having any of these signs or symptoms doesn't necessarily mean that you have adult Still's disease. The signs and symptoms of this disorder may mimic those of other conditions, including mononucleosis and a type of cancer called lymphoma.
When to see a doctor
Although it's not certain what causes adult Still's disease, the condition may be triggered by a viral or bacterial infection.
Age is the main risk factor for adult Still's disease, with incidence in adults peaking twice: once from 15 to 25 years and again from 36 to 46 years. Males and females are equally at risk of acquiring the disorder. Multiple cases of adult Still's disease in families are uncommon, so it's unlikely that this disorder is inherited.
Most complications from adult Still's disease arise from chronic inflammation of your body organs and joints.
Preparing for your appointment
You're likely to first seek advice from your family doctor, but he or she might refer you to a specialist in joint diseases (rheumatologist).
Because appointments can be brief and there's often a lot of ground to cover, it's a good idea to be well prepared for your appointment. Here's some information to help you get ready for your appointment, and what to expect from your doctor.
What you can do
What to expect from your doctor
Tests and diagnosis
There's no single test used to diagnose adult Still's disease. Imaging tests can reveal the damage that has been caused by adult Still's disease, while blood tests can help rule out other conditions that have similar symptoms.
Treatments and drugs
Doctors use a variety of drugs to treat adult Still's disease. The type of drug you'll take depends on the severity of your symptoms and whether you experience side effects.
Lifestyle and home remedies
Here are a few ways to help you make the most of your health if you have adult Still's disease:
Last Updated: 2013-04-03
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